How to Use Dual Post Verb Pronouns in Samoan

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These dual emphatic pronouns are used after the verb/main idea to emphasize the two persons or  two subjects.  


Before Verb/Main IdeaTranslationAfter Verb/Main Idea
maUs, We- exclusivei ma’ua
taUs, We, -inclusivei ta’ua
luaYou twooulua
laThem two

i la’ua

SPECIAL NOTE:  The “i” in i ma’ua, i ta’ua, and i la’ua are often omitted in informal conversations.  


EXAMPLES 

  • Sa nofonofo i ma’ua i le potu moe. : We (2) sat in the bedroom. This exclusive version of we only includes the two subjects of “we/i ma’ua”. 

    The pronoun (i ma’ua, we) comes after the verb (sat, nonofo).  This is a dual emphatic form of us.



  • O le a va’a’ai  i ta’ua ma lou tuagane.  – We (2) will watch the game with your brother.  This is the inclusive version of we.

   The pronoun (we two, i ta’ua) comes after the verb (va’a’ai, watch).  This is a dual emphatic form of you.



  • Na faia  galuega lelei  oulua.– You two did a good job.  

  The pronoun (you two, oulua) comes after the verb (did job, fai galuega).  This is a dual emphatic form of you two.


  • E tagata leaga i la’ua.– They (those two) are bad people.  

  The pronoun (they, i la’ua) comes after the main idea (bad people, tagata leaga).  This is a dual emphatic form of those two.  


*Note:  The main idea does not always have to be a verb as in the prior statement:  E tagata leaga i la’ua.  

*Note:  Present habitual tense form “te” is not used with any emphatic statements, only descriptive.  

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