How to Use Dual Pre-Verb Pronouns in Samaon

Dual Pronoun

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Unlike English, the Samoan language has an entire set of pronouns to identify dual sets of people.  


Before Verb/Main IdeaTranslationAfter Verb/Main Idea
MaUs, We- exclusivei Ma’ua
TaUs, We, -inclusivei Ta’ua
LuaYou twoOulua
LaThose twoi La’ua
  • Dual descriptive pronouns are used before the verb/main idea.

Sa ma ta’a’alo i le malae. – Us two played in the field.

    Ma is the exclusive version of Us or We.  This means the speaker and one other person is performing the action and excluding everyone else.


  • O le a ta nonofo i le nofoa.  – We will sit on the bench.

    Ta is the inclusive version of Us or We.  This means the speaker and one other person, likely the only other person around will perform the action. 


  • Na lua fai galuega lelei. – You two did a good job.  

    Lua is used when the speaker is speaking directly to two people about themselves.


  • O lo’o la fa’anoanoa e uiga i le upu a le Atua?- Will they be sad about the word of God?

    La is used when the speaker is talking to someone about two other people. 



Dual descriptive pronouns are usually used when the present/habitual tense marker “te” is used.

  • Ma te o la e fafo– We go outside.  
  • Ta te o i le fale– We go in the house.
  • Lua te i ai i le galuega? – Are you two at the job?
  • Po la te nonofo i le faletamea?– Are those two at the laundry?
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