How to Use Plural Pre-Verb Pronouns in Samoan

Samoan 3



Video Lesson


These plural descriptive pronouns are used before the verb/main idea to emphasize the 3+ persons or 3+ subjects.  


Before Verb/Main IdeaTranslationAfter Verb/Main Idea
matouUs, We, 3+- exclusivei matou
tatouUs, We, 3+ -inclusivei tatou
touYou 3+outou
latouThem 3+i latou

EXAMPLES 

  • Sa matou nofonofo i le potu moe. : We (3+) sat in the bedroom. This exclusive version of we only includes the 3+ subjects of “we/matou”. 

    The pronoun (matou 3+, we) comes before the verb (sat, nonofo).  This is a dual descriptive form of us.



  • O le a tatou va’a’ai le ta’aloga  i lou tuagane.  – We (3+) will watch the game with your brother.  This is the 3+ inclusive version of we.

   The pronoun (we 3+,  tatou) comes before the verb (va’a’ai, watch).  This is a dual descriptive form of you.



  • Na tou faia  galuega lelei.– You (3+) did a good job.  

  The pronoun (you 3+, outou) comes before the verb (did job, fai galuega).  This is a dual descriptive form of you 3+.


  • Latou te tagata leaga.– They (those 3+) are bad people.  

  The pronoun (they, latou) comes before  the main idea (bad people, tagata leaga).  This is a descriptive form of they 3+.  


*Note:  The main idea does not always have to be a verb as in the prior statement:  E tagata leaga i latou.


*Note:  The current habitual tense marker “e” is changed to “te” in the prior statement.  Descriptive statements

that use current habitual tenses will often read “Latou te” instead of “E latou”. 

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