How to Use Two Nouns in the Same Phrase in Samoan with “By” and “To”




  1. Nouns-  Person, place, thing, idea.
  2. Nouns that do an  action- By  (Example:  This note was signed BY  Tui.)  Tui is the noun of the sentence that performed the action.  
  3. Nouns that receive action- To (Example:  This NOTE was signed by Tui.)  The note is the noun that received the action.  


Stories will often have nouns that do and action and nouns that receive an action.  In the above example, the note received the action and Tui performed the action.  

                                                         


This note was signed by Tui:    
Na saini lenei tusi e Tui.  
Tense marker:        
Na (past tense marker)
Verb/Action word:         
saini (sign)
Noun receiving action:         
 tusi (letter)
Noun phrase:      
lenei tusi (this letter)
Noun performing action:    
Tui 
Shows noun receiving action:        
“iā ” pronouns and names
Shows noun performing action:  
  “e”


The noun performing the action (Tui) is marked with an “e”.  (e Tui)



*If the noun receiving the action is a pronoun or a name, you would mark the receiving noun with “iā” instead of “i”


        Example:  Na opo atu iā Maria e Tui (Tui hugged Maria.)



Since you have the markers for the doer “e” and the receiver “iā”, you can rearrange the sentence to mean the same thing.


        Example:  Na opo atu e Tui iā Maria.  (Tui hugged Maria.)


        Example:  Na opo atu iā le teine e Tui. (Tui hugged the girl.)


  

*Other lessons on “e” and “ia” can be found under the Matou Target Phrases*

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