One Subject with One Action

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The subject or doer of the action is often said after the action.

Samoan Statements with Two Subjects

A simple statement will have an action and a subject that does the action. Here are some examples:

  • The baby cries. Action = cries, Subject = baby
  • The dog ran Action = ran, Subject = dog
  • The paper fell Action = fell Subject = paper

Because of the common structure of Samoan statements, subjects are often stated consecutively. For example:

English word order: The girl is reading the book. (action = reading) (sub1= the girl)(sub2= the book)

Samoan word order: Reading the girl the book. (action = reading) (sub1= the girl)(sub2= the book)

*When subjects are said consecutively, the doer of the action is marked with “e”.

Samoan translation: O lo’o faitau e le teine le tusi.

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